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How to reduce your child’s exposure to toxins at home

15 June, 2011

Most parents know that the greatest gift they can give their children is good health. You feed then, you put a roof over their heads, you keep them warm and dry but modern life, still conspired to make the job of keeping your kids healthy complex.

We live in a polluted world surrounded daily by hundreds of man-made toxins that we can’t see, taste or even smell but which nevertheless have the potential to damage human health.

Children are uniquely vulnerable to environmental pollution in part because their response to toxic exposures is often very different from that of adults. Good examples of this are the paradoxical responses to drugs like phenobarbital and methylphenidate (Ritalin) in children compared with adults.

Phenobarbital acts like a sedative in adults, but produces hyperactivity in children; Ritalin, a cocaine-like drug, is used as an anti-hyperactivity drug in children, but has a stimulant effect in adults.

There are many reasons for this paradoxical response. But perhaps the most influential is that in the womb and in the first two years after birth, children undergo extraordinary cell growth in every part of their bodies, from brain neurons to immune cells, so there are more opportunities for toxic compounds to disrupt the cells.

During childhood, different systems and organs develop at different rates and in different phases. Growing tissue is also much more sensitive to toxic exposures than other tissue and remains sensitive right into the teen years.

Indeed, studies of exposure to cigarette smoke have shown that the risk of dying of breast cancer is greater for those who started smoking before age 16 than for those who started smoking after age 20.

In addition to growing and developing, children differ from adults in a number of other ways that can increase their susceptibility to toxins. For example:

  • Their body systems have a less-developed ability to break down toxins and children’s bodies may also have less capacity to repair damage as well.
  • They eat, drink and breathe in more for their weight than adults, which means they take in more toxins per kilogram than adults – for example, even at rest and infant will be breathing in twice the volume of air as an adult.
  • They crawl around on the floor near dust and other potentially toxic particles
  • They are more likely to put things in their mouths and eat things that they shouldn’t

The job of keeping kids healthy may seem overwhelming and it can be hard to know how to get started. But a new brochure published by the Canadian Partnership for Children’s Health and Environment (CPCHE) gives sound advice on simple things every parent can do to reduce toxic exposures in the home

“A clean environment is one of the greatest gifts we can give our children and our grandchildren” says Erica Phipps, CPCHE Partnership Director. “If parents take simple actions in these five areas, they can significantly reduce their children’s exposures to toxics – and even save money”